Indian violin – this is also called this stringed bowed musical instrument. Used for accompaniment and solo. It sounds mesmerizing, hypnotic, touching. The name saranga is translated from Persian as “one hundred flowers”, which speaks of the beauty of sound.
The structure, 70 centimeters long, consists of three parts:
- Body – made of wood, flat with notches on the sides. The top deck is covered with genuine leather. At the end is a string holder.
- The fingerboard (neck) is short, wooden, narrower in width than the deck. It is crowned with a head with tuning pegs for the main strings, there are also smaller ones on one side of the neck, which are responsible for the tension of the resonating ones.
- Strings – 3-4 main and up to 37 sympathetic. A standard concert specimen has no more than 15 of them.
A bow is used to play. Sarangi is tuned according to the diatonic series, the range is 2 octaves.
The instrument acquired its modern look in the XNUMXth century. Its prototypes are numerous representatives of a vast family of stringed plucked instruments: chikara, sarinda, ravanahasta, kemancha. Since its inception, it has been used as an accompanying device for Indian folk dances and theatrical performances.