ital. solo, from lat. solus – one
1) In polygonal. in a composition, a melodically developed, often virtuoso performance by one singer or instrumentalist that draws the attention of the listeners to itself. Sounding simultaneously with S. other wok. or music. parties form accompaniment, accompaniment. The length of S. can be different – from several. measures to entire sections. Special forms of S. are formed in decomp. conc. music genres. Entire solo parts stand out here, that is, the same performer constantly performs with S. In the old conc. music (see Concerto grosso) often has several. solo parts, the simultaneous sounding of which forms solo episodes (concertino as opposed to tutti or ripieno). In concertos for keyboard instruments, S. also turns out to be polyphonic, although the solo part is entrusted to one performer. In the classic and modern In concert, along with “real” solo episodes, the soloing of an instrument (or instruments) against the background of an orc is widely used. escorts. S. of this kind are also common in ballets (they often make up a separate number in them, for example, Adagio of Odette and the Prince in the 2nd act of the ballet Swan Lake).
2) Music. prod. for one voice or one instrument (with or without accompaniment).
3) Tasto solo (Italian, one key, abbr. TS, designation – O) – in the general bass, an indication that the performer must play the bass part without adding chord sounds.