Guitar – all about musical instrument
String

Guitar – all about musical instrument

The guitar is a stringed plucked musical instrument , one of the most widespread in the world . It is used as an accompanying or solo instrument in many musical styles and directions of music, being the main instrument in such musical styles as blues, country, flamenco, rock- music, sometimes jazz, etc. Invented in the 20th century, the electric guitar had a strong influence on popular culture.

A performer of guitar music is called a guitarist. A person who makes and repairs guitars is called a guitar luthier or luthier [ 1 ].

History of the guitar

Origin

The earliest surviving evidence of stringed instruments with a resonating body and neck, the ancestors of the modern guitar, dates back to the 2nd millennium BC.[2] Images of the kinnor ( a Sumerian -- Babylonian stringed instrument, mentioned in biblical legends) were found on clay bas-reliefs during archaeological excavations in Mesopotamia . Similar instruments were also known in ancient Egypt and India : nabla , nefer , zither in Egypt, veena and sitar in India. In ancient Greeceand Rome the cithara instrument was popular.

The predecessors of the guitar had an elongated round hollow resonating body and a long neck with strings stretched on it. The body was made in one piece – from a dried pumpkin , tortoise shell, or hollowed out from a single piece of wood. In the III -- IV centuries AD. e. in China , the ruan (or yuan) [3] and yueqin [4] instruments appeared , in which the wooden body was assembled from the upper and lower soundboards and the sides connecting them. In Europe , this caused the introduction of the Latin and Moorish guitars around the 6th century . Later, in the XV  -- XVI centuries , an instrument appearedvihuela , also influential in shaping the construction of the modern guitar.

Origin of name

The word “guitar” comes from the fusion of two words: the Sanskrit word “sangita” which means “music” and the Old Persian “tar” which means “string”. According to another version, the word “guitar” comes from the Sanskrit word “kutur”, meaning “four-stringed” (cf. setar   – three-stringed). As the guitar spread from Central Asia through Greece to Western Europe, the word “guitar” underwent changes: “cithara (ϰιθάϱα)” in ancient Greece, Latin “cithara”, “guitarra” in Spain, “chitarra” in Italy, “guitare” in France, “guitar” in England, and finally, “guitar” in Russia. The name “guitar” first appeared in European medieval literature in the 13th century . [5]

Spanish guitar

In the Middle Ages, the main center for the development of the guitar was Spain, where the guitar came from ancient Rome ( Latin guitar ) and together with the Arab conquerors ( Moorish guitar ). In the 15th century , a guitar invented in Spain with 5 double strings (the first string could have been single) became widespread. Such guitars are called Spanish guitars . By the end of the 18th century, the Spanish guitar , in the process of evolution, acquires 6 single strings and a considerable repertoire of works, the formation of which was significantly influenced by Italian composer and virtuoso guitarist Mauro Giuliani.

Russian guitar

The guitar came to Russia relatively late, when it had been known in Europe for five centuries. But all Western music began to penetrate widely into Russia only at the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries [6] . The guitar received a solid place thanks to the Italian composers and musicians who arrived in Russia at the end of the 17th century, primarily Giuseppe Sarti and Carlo Canobbio . Some time later, at the beginning of the 19th century, the guitar strengthened its position in Russia thanks to Marcus Aurelius Zani de Ferranti , who arrived in St. Petersburg in 1821, then Mauro Giuliani and Fernando Sor toured . Sor, leaving his ballerina wife in Moscow, who became the first Russian woman choreographer, dedicated a piece of music for guitar called “Remembrance of Russia” to a trip to Russia. This piece is being performed even now [6] . Nikolai Petrovich Makarov [6] was the first significant Russian guitarist to play a six-stringed instrument . In Russia, at the end of the 18th  and beginning of the 19th centuries , the seven-string version of the Spanish guitar became popular, largely due to the activities of the talented composer and virtuoso guitarist Andrei Sikhra who lived at that time , who wrote more than a thousand works for this instrument, called the “Russian guitar”.

Guitar – all about musical instrument
Guitar types

Classical guitar

During the 18th -- 19th centuries, the design of the Spanish guitar undergoes significant changes, the masters experiment with the size and shape of the body, neck fastening, the design of the peg mechanism, and so on. Finally, in the 19th century, the Spanish guitar maker Antonio Torres gave the guitar its modern shape and size. Guitars designed by Torres are today referred to as classical guitars . The most famous guitarist of that time is the Spanish composer and guitarist Francisco Tarrega , who laid the foundations for the classical technique of playing the guitar. In the 20th century, his work was continued by the Spanish composer, guitarist and teacher Andres Segovia.

Electric guitar

In the 20th century, in connection with the advent of electrical amplification and sound processing technology, a new type of guitar appeared –  electric guitar. In 1936, Georges Beauchamp and Adolphe Rickenbecker, the founders of the Rickenbacker company, patented the first electric guitar with magnetic pickups and a metal body (the so-called ” frying pan “). In the early 1950s , American engineers and entrepreneur Leo Fender, and engineer and musician Les Paul independently of each other, they invent an electric guitar with a solid wooden body, the design of which has remained unchanged to this day. The most influential performer on the electric guitar is (according to Rolling Stone magazine) the American guitarist Jimi Hendrix who lived in the middle of the 20th century [7] .

Guitar Consists of

Like every musical instrument, the guitar has several parts. It looks something like the picture below. The structure of the guitar includes: soundboard, nut, side, neck, pegs, nut, nut, frets, resonator hole and holder.

the structure of the guitar in general is shown in the picture below

Guitar – all about musical instrument
Guitar consists of

What is each element (part) responsible for?

The saddle serves as a mount for the strings: they are fixed there with special cartridges, while the end of the string goes inside the guitar.

what is a guitar made of
Guitar saddle

The deck is the front and back of the guitar, I think everything is clear here anyway. The shell is the connecting part of the front and back decks, it makes up its body.

The neck contains sills. Nuts – protrusions on the fretboard. The distance between the nut is called the fret. When they say “first fret” – it means that they mean the distance between the headstock and the first nut.

threshold   frets
                 fret                       nut – the distance between the nut

As for the fretboard – you’re going to be freaking out now, but there are guitars with two necks at once!

The tuning pegs are the outer part of the mechanism that tightens (loosen) the strings. Turning the tuning pegs, we tune the guitar, make it sound right.

resonator hole
The guitar resonator hole

The resonator hole is the hole of the guitar, approximately where our right hand is located when playing the guitar. Actually, the larger the volume of the guitar, the deeper its sound (but this is far from the main determining factor in sound quality).

Approximate Specifications

  • Number of frets – from 19 (classic) to 27 (electro)
  • Number of strings – from 4 to 14
  • Mensura – from 0.5 m to 0.8 m
  • Dimensions 1.5 m × 0.5 m × 0.2 m
  • Weight – from >1 (acoustic) to ≈15 kg

Guitar classification

The large number of varieties of guitars that currently exist can be classified according to the following criteria:

  • Acoustic guitar   – a guitar sounding with the help of a body made in the form of an acoustic resonator .
  • Electric guitar   – a guitar that sounds by means of electrical amplification and reproduction of the signal taken from the vibrating strings by a pickup .
  • Semi-acoustic guitar (electro-acoustic guitar) – a combination of acoustic and electric guitars, when in addition to a hollow acoustic body, pickups are also provided in the design.
  • A resonator guitar (resonant or resonant guitar) is a type of acoustic guitar in which metal acoustic resonators built into the body are used to increase the volume.
  • A synthesizer guitar (MIDI guitar) is a guitar designed to be used as an input device for a sound synthesizer.

By hull design

  • Classical guitar   – acoustic six-string guitar designed by Antonio Torres ( XIX century ).
  • A folk guitar  is an acoustic six-string guitar adapted to use metal strings.
  • A flattop is a folk guitar with a flat top.
  • Archtop  is an acoustic or semi-acoustic guitar with a convex front soundboard and f-shaped resonator holes (efs) located along the edges of the soundboard. In general, the body of such a guitar resembles an enlarged violin. Developed in the 1920s by Gibson .
  • Dreadnought   – a folk guitar with an enlarged body of a characteristic “rectangular” shape. It has an increased volume compared to the classic case and the predominance of low-frequency components in the timbre. Developed in the 1920s by Martin .
  • The jumbo  is an enlarged version of the folk guitar, developed in 1937 by Gibson and has become popular among country and rock guitarists.
  • Western   – acoustic or electro-acoustic guitar, a characteristic feature of such guitars has become a cutout under the last frets in order to make it as easy as possible to access these very last frets.

By range

  • Regular guitar – from D (mi) of a large octave to C (re) of the third octave. Using a typewriter (Floyd Rose) allows you to significantly expand the range in both directions. The range of the guitar is about 4 octaves.
  • Bass guitar  is a guitar with a low range of sound, usually one octave lower than a regular guitar. Developed by Fender in the 1950s .
  • The tenor guitar  is a four-string guitar with a short scale, range and banjo tuning .
  • A baritone guitar  is a guitar with a longer scale than a regular guitar, which allows it to be tuned to a lower pitch. Invented by Danelectro in the 1950s .

By the presence of frets

  • A regular guitar is a guitar that has frets and frets and is adapted for playing in equal temperament.
  • A fretless guitar  is a guitar that has no frets. This makes it possible to extract sounds of arbitrary pitch from the range of the guitar, as well as a smooth change in the pitch of the extracted sound. Fretless bass guitars are more common.
  • Slide guitar ( Slide guitar ) – a guitar designed to play with a slide, in such a guitar the pitch changes smoothly with the help of a special device – a slide that is driven along the strings.

By country (place) of origin

  • The Spanish guitar  is an acoustic six-string guitar that appeared in Spain in the 13th  -- 15th centuries.
  • The Russian guitar  is an acoustic seven-string guitar that appeared in Russia in the 18th  -- 19th centuries.
  • The ukulele  is a slide guitar that functions in a “lying” position, that is, the body of the guitar lies flat on the guitarist’s lap or on a special stand, while the guitarist sits on a chair or stands next to the guitar like at a table.

By genre of music

  • Classical guitar   – acoustic six-string guitar designed by Antonio Torres ( XIX century ).
  • A folk guitar  is an acoustic six-string guitar adapted to use metal strings.
  • Flamenco guitar   – classical guitar, adapted to the needs of the flamenco musical style , has a sharper timbre of sound.
  • Jazz guitar (orchestral guitar) is the established name for Gibson archtops and their analogues. These guitars have a sharp sound, clearly distinguishable in the composition of a jazz orchestra , which predetermined their popularity among jazz guitarists of the 20s and 30s  of the XX century .

By role in the work performed

  • Solo guitar   – a guitar designed to perform melodic solo parts, characterized by a sharper and more legible sound of individual notes.

In classical music, a solo guitar is considered a guitar without an ensemble, all parts are taken by one guitar, the most difficult type of guitar playing

  • Rhythm guitar   – a guitar designed to play rhythm parts, characterized by a denser and more uniform sound timbre, especially in the low frequencies.
  • Bass Guitar   – A low-range guitar typically used for playing bass lines.

By number of strings

  • A four-string guitar (4-string guitar) is a guitar that has four strings. The vast majority of four-string guitars are bass guitars or tenor guitars.
  • Six-string guitar (6-string guitar) – a guitar that has six single strings. The most standard and widespread variety.
  • Seven-string guitar (7-string guitar) – a guitar that has seven single strings. Most applicable in Russian and Soviet music from the 18th-19th centuries to the present.
  • Twelve-string guitar (12-string guitar) – a guitar with twelve strings, forming six pairs, tuned, as a rule, in a classical system in an octave or in unison . It is played mainly by professional rock musicians , folk musicians and bards .
  • Others – There are a large number of less common intermediate and hybrid forms of guitars with an increased number of strings. There is a simple addition of strings to expand the range of the instrument (eg five-string and six-string bass guitars), as well as doubling or even tripling some or all of the strings to get a richer timbre of the sound. There are also guitars with additional (usually one) necks for the convenience of solo performance of some works.

Other

  • The Dobro guitar  is a resonator guitar invented in 1928 by the Dopera brothers. Currently “Guitar Dobro” is a trademark owned by Gibson.
  • The ukulele  is a miniature four-string version of the guitar invented in the late 19th century in the Hawaiian Islands .
  • Tapping guitar (tap guitar) – a guitar designed to be played using the tapping sound extraction method .
  • Warr’s guitar  is an electric tapping guitar, has a body similar to a conventional electric guitar, and also allows other methods of sound production. There are options with 8, 12 or 14 strings. Does not have a default setting.
  • Chapman’s stick  is an electric tapping guitar. Does not have a body, allows the Play from two ends. Has 10 or 12 strings. Theoretically, it is possible to play up to 10 notes at the same time (1 finger – 1 note).

Guitar technique

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When playing the guitar, the guitarist pinches the strings on the fretboard with the fingers of the left hand, and uses the fingers of the right hand to produce sound in one of several ways. The guitar is in front of the guitarist ( horizontally or at an angle, with the neck raised to 45 degrees ), leaning on the knee , or hangs on a belt slung over the shoulder . Some left –  handed guitarists turn the guitar neck to the right , tug the strings accordingly and change the functions of the hands  -- clamp the strings with the right hand, extract the sound with  the left. Further , the names of the hands are given for a right –  handed guitarist.

Sound production

The main method of sound production on the guitar is a pinch   – the guitarist hooks the string with the tip of his finger or fingernail , slightly pulls and releases . When playing with fingers , two types of plucking are used : apoyando and tirando .

Apoyando ( from Spanish  apoyando , leaning ) is apinch after which the finger rests on the adjacent string . With the help of apoyando , scale passages are performed , as well as cantilena , which requires a particularly deep and full sound . When tirando ( Spanish tirando -- pull ) , in   unlike apoyando , the finger after a pluck does not rest on the adjacent , thicker string , but freely sweeps over it , in notes , if the special apoyando sign (^) is not indicated , then the work is played using the tirando technique .

Also , the guitarist can strike all or several adjacent strings at once with three or four fingers with little effort . _ This method of sound production is called rasgueado . The name ” ches ” is also common.

The pinch and strike can be performed with the fingers of the right hand or with the help of a special device called a plectrum ( or plectrum ). The plectrum is a small flat plate of hard material  -- bone , plastic or metal . The guitarist holds it in the fingers of his right hand and pinches or strike the strings with it .

Slap is widely used in many modern styles of music . To do this, the guitarist either hits a single string hard with his thumb , or picks up and releases a string . These techniques are called slap ( hit ) and pop ( hook ), respectively . Mostly slap used when playing the bass guitar . _

In recent decades , an unusual playing technique has been actively developed , a new way of sound extraction , when the string begins to sound from light finger strikes between the frets on the fingerboard . This method of sound production is called tapping ( two  -- handed tapping when playing with two hands ) or TouchStyle . At tapping is like playing the piano , with each hand playing its own independent part.

Left hand

With the left hand , the guitarist grabs the neck from below , leaning his thumb on its back side . The rest of the fingers are used to pinch the strings on the working surface of the fretboard . The fingers are designated and numbered as follows: 1  -- index , 2  -- middle , 3  -- ring , 4  -little finger . The position of the hand relative to the frets is called ” position ” and is indicated by a Roman numeral . For example , if a guitarist plucks a string with the 1st finger on the 4th fret , then they say that the hand is in the 4th position . An unstretched string is called an open string.

The strings are clamped with the pads of the fingers  -- thus , with one finger , the guitarist presses one string at a certain fret . If the index finger is placed flat on the fretboard , then several , or even all, strings on the same fret will be pressed at once . This very common technique is called ” barre “. There is a big barre ( full barre ), when the finger presses all the strings , and a small barre ( half-barre ), when a smaller number of strings ( up to 2 ) is pressed . The rest of the fingers remain free during the setting of the barre and can be used to clamp the strings on in other ways . There are also chords in which , in addition to the big barre with the first finger , it is necessary to take a small barre on a different fret , for which any of the free fingers is used , depending on the “ playability ” of a particular chord .

Guitar tricks

In addition to the basic guitar playing technique described above , there are a variety of techniques that are widely used by guitarists in different styles of music .

  • Arpeggio ( brute force ) –  sequential extraction of chord sounds . It is performed by sequentially plucking different strings with one or more fingers .
  • Arpeggio  -- very fast , in one movement , sequential extraction of sounds located on different strings.
  • Bend ( tightening ) –  raising the tone by transverse displacement of the string along the fret nut . Depending on the experience of the guitarist and the strings used , this technique can increase the extracted note by one and a half to two tones .
    • Simple bend   – the string is first struck and then pulled .
    • Prebend   – the string is first pulled up and only then struck .
    • Reverse bend   – a string is silently pulled up , struck and lowered to the original note .
    • Legacy bend  -- hitting the string , tightening , then the string is lowered to the original tone .
    • Bend grace note --  hitting a string with a simultaneous tightening .
    • Unison bend   – is extracted by hitting two strings , then the lower note reaches the height of the upper one . Both notes sound at the same time .
    • Microbend is a lift that  is not fixed in height , by about 1/4 of a tone .
  • Fight  -- down with the thumb , up with the index , down with the index with a plug , up with the index .
  • Vibrato  is a periodic slight change in the pitch of the extracted sound . It is performed with the help of oscillations of the left hand along the neck , while the force of pressing the string changes , as well as the force of its tension and, accordingly , the pitch . Another way to perform vibrato  is by successive periodic performance of the ” bend ” technique to a small height . On electric guitars equipped with ” whammy bar ” ( tremolo systems ), a lever is often used to perform vibrato .
  • Eight ( rumba )- index finger down , thumb down , index finger up } 2 times , index down and up .
  • Glissando  is a smooth sliding transition between notes . On the guitar , it is possible between notes located on the same string , and is performed by moving the hand from one position to another without releasing the finger pressing the string .
  • Golpe ( Spanish :  golpe  -- blow ) –  percussion technique , tapping the soundboard of an acoustic guitar with a fingernail , while playing . Used mainly in flamenco music . _
  • Legato  -- continuous performance of notes . The guitar is played with the left hand .
    • Rising ( percussion ) legato  -- an already sounding string is clamped by a sharp and strong movement of the finger of the left hand , while the sound does not have time to stop . The English name for this technique is also common  -- hammer , hammer -- he .
    • Descending legato  -- the finger is pulled off the string , slightly picking it up at the same time . There is also an English name  -- pool , pool -- off .
    • A trill  is a rapid alternation of two notes performed by a combination of hammer and pool techniques .
  • Pizzicato  is played with plucked movements of the right hand . The string is grasped with the right hand between the forefinger and thumb , then the string is pulled back some distance and released . Usually the string is pulled back a short distance , resulting in a gentle sound . If the distance is large , then the string will hit the frets and add percussion to the sound .
  • Muting with the palm of the right hand  -- playing with muffled sounds , when the right palm is placed partly on the stand ( bridge ), partly on the strings . The English name for this technique , widely used by modern guitarists ,  is “ palm mute ” ( eng . mute  -- mute ).  
  • Pulgar ( Spanish :  pulgar  -- thumb ) –  playing technique with the thumb of the right hand . The main method of sound production in flamenco music . The string is struck first by the side of the pulp and then by the edge of the thumbnail .
  • Sweep ( English  sweep -- sweep ) –  sliding the pick along the strings up or down when playing arpeggios , or sliding the pick along the muted strings up or down , creating a scraping sound before the main note .
  • Staccato  -- Short , staccato notes . It is performed by loosening the pressure on the strings of the fingers of the left hand , or by muting the strings of the right hand , immediately after taking a sound or chord .
  • The tambourine  is another percussion technique that consists of tapping the strings in the area of ​​the stand , suitable for guitars with a hollow body , acoustic and semi -acoustic .
  • Tremolo  is a very fast repeated pluck without changing the note .
  • A harmonic  is the muting of the main harmonic of a string by touching the sounding string exactly in the place dividing it into an integer number of parts . There are natural harmonics , played on an open string , and artificial , played on a clamped string . There is also the so -called mediator a harmonic produced when a sound is produced simultaneously by the plectrum and the flesh of the thumb or forefinger holding the plectrum.

Guitar notation

In the guitar , most sounds in the range available can be extracted in several ways . For example, the sound mi of the first octave can be taken on the 1st open string , on the 2nd string on the 5th fret , on the 3rd string on the 9th fret , _ on the 4th string at the 14th fret , on the 5th string at the 19th fret and on the 6th string at the 24th fret ( on a 6 -- string guitar with 24 frets and standard tuning ) . _ _ _ _ This makes it possible for the same work play in several ways , extracting the desired sounds on different strings and pinching the strings with different fingers . In this case , a different timbre will prevail for each string . The arrangement of the guitarist ‘s fingers when playing a piece is called the fingering of that piece. Various consonances and chords can also be played in many ways and also have different fingerings. There are several approaches to recording guitar fingerings.

Learning All Notes On The Guitar (Easy Method)

Music notation

In modern musical notation , when recording works for the guitar , a set of conventions is used to indicate the fingering of the work . So , the string on which it is recommended to play the sound is indicated by the string number in a circle , the position of the left hand ( mode ) is indicated by a Roman numeral , fingers left hand  -- numbers from 1 to 4 ( open string  -- 0 ), fingers of the right hand   – in Latin letters p , i , m and a , and the direction of the pick with  the icons  ( down , that is, away from you ) and  ( up , that is, towards yourself ).

In addition , when reading music , you should remember that the guitar is a transposing instrument  -- works for the guitar are always recorded an octave higher than they sound . This is done in order to avoid a large number of additional lines from below.

GuitarNotesSample1.svg
GuitarNotesSample2.svg

Tablature

An alternative way to record works for the guitar  is tablature recording , or tablature. The guitar tablature does not indicate the height , but the position and string of each sound of the piece . Also in tablature notation , finger markings similar to those used in musical notation can be used . tablature notation can be used both independently and in conjunction with musical notation .

GuitarTabularSample1.svg

Fingering

There are graphic images of fingerings that are widely used in the process of learning to play the guitar , also called ” fingering “. A similar fingering is a schematically depicted fragment of a guitar neck with dots marked with places for setting the fingers of the left hand . Fingers can be designated by their numbers , as well as the position of the fragment on the fretboard .

There is a class of software products ” guitar chord calculators ” –  these are programs that can calculate and graphically show all possible fingerings for a given chord.

Accessories for guitar

Guitar – all about musical instrument
Accessories for guitar

A variety of accessories and fixtures may be used with the guitar during use and performance , including the following:

  • Plectrum ( mediator ) –  a small plate ( made of plastic , bone , metal ) with a thickness of 0 . 1-1 ( sometimes up to 3 ) mm , used for sound extraction.
  • Slider   – a hollow cylinder of hard and smooth material , mostly metal or glass ( bottleneck ), worn on one of the fingers of the left hand ; plays the role of a ” sliding threshold “, allowing you to not discretely change the pitch of the extracted sounds .
  • Capo   – a device for constantly clamping all or several strings at one fret , to simplify playing in certain keys , as well as to increase the pitch of the instrument .
  • Case   – a soft or hard case or case for storing and ( or ) carrying a guitar .
  • Stand ( stand ) – a device for securely fixing the tool on the floor or wall , for short-term storage.
  • A guitar strap  is a strap made of durable material ( leather or synthetic ) that allows the guitarist to comfortably perform compositions while standing .
  • A guitar clef  is a tool for adjusting the neck of a classical guitar ( which is attached to the body with a special adjusting screw ).
  • Hex wrench  -- t . n . ” truss “, to adjust the neck deflection ( and , accordingly , the distance between the strings and frets ) on many modern guitars by loosening -- tensioning the truss rod . The same key , but smaller , is used for direct and fine adjustment of the gap between the string and neck on some models of electric guitars .
  • Turntable   – a device that facilitates the winding of strings ; is a nozzle  – an extension of the handle of the peg mechanism .
  • Detachable pickup  -- along with an acoustic guitar , special pickups can be used that are not part of the guitar design , but are inserted into the resonator hole or attached to the instrument body from the outside .
  • A tuner  is an electronic device that simplifies guitar tuning by visually indicating the tuning accuracy of each string .
  • Instrument cord  -- a specially made shielded electrical wire for transmitting a signal from an electric guitar pickup to amplifying , mixing , recording and other equipment .
  • Polish for the care of the body , neck or soundboard .
  • The peg of a special device [ 8 ] that allows you to quickly move from one tuning to another ( for example , from standard to ” Dropped D “).

References

  1. ↑ . Musical Dictionary [ Trans . with him . B . P . Jurgenson , add . rus . department ] . _ — M . : DirectMedia Publishing , 2008 . — CD -- ROM
  2. ↑ Charnasse , Helene . Six-string guitar  : From the beginnings to the present day . — M . : ” Music “, 1991 . — ISBN 5-7140-0288-1 _ _ _ _ _ _
  3.  阮 ruǎn ; yuǎn chin . muses . zhuan , yuan ( ancient stringed plucked instrument ) ” A large Chinese -- Russian dictionary in four volumes “
  4.  月琴 yuèqín chin . muses . yueqin ( 4 -- string instrument with a round or 8 -- sided body ) ” Great Chinese -- Russian dictionary in four volumes “
  5. ↑ Soviet Encyclopedic Dictionary / Ch . ed . A . M . Prokhorov . -- 4th ed . _ _ — M . : Owls . encyclopedia , 1989 . ISBN 5-85270-001-0 _ _ _ _ _ _
  6. ↑ 1 2 3 GUITAR IN OUR COUNTRY
  7. ↑ Rolling Stone Magazine : List of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time .
  8. ↑ Product page on the manufacturer ‘s website
  9. Sharnasset , Helen . Six-string guitar  : From the origins to the present day = Helene Charnasse , La guitare . — M . : ” Music “, 1991 . — ISBN 5-7140-0288-1 _ _ _ _ _ _Mark Philips , John Chappel . Guitar for Dummies( full version )= Guitar For Dummies . — M . : ” Dialectics “, 2006 . — S. _ 384 . — ISBN 0-7645-5106 -- X _ _ _ _
  10. John Chappel . Rock guitar for ” dummies “= Rock Guitar For Dummies . — M . : ” Dialectics “, 2006 . — S. _ 368 . — ISBN 0-7645-5356-9 _ _ _ _ _ _

Guitar FAQ

How much does a good guitar cost?

For $ 150-200 there are many models even with a connection, with a built -in tuner and effects. And even for $ 80-100 you can buy a rather decent guitar of the EUPHONY, MARTINEZ brand, for example, or a number of budget models not expensive in price, but quite decent in quality and sound.

Which guitar is best to buy a for beginners?

Experts recommend starting training with a classic guitar. Soft nylon strings are installed on it, the bar has an increased width, and the sound can be characterized as soft and round. On such guitars, classical works are performed, as well as music in the style of jazz and flamenco.

What is the difference between classical and acoustic guitar?

Nylon strings are used for the classic guitar. They are soft to the touch and it is easy to clamp them on the guitar’s neck. On the acoustic guitar there are more rigid steel strings that make the sound more vigorous and saturated. In rare cases, specially manufactured metal strings can be installed on a classic guitar.

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