The dizi flute (di) is one of the most widespread wind musical instruments in China.
Di is a transverse flute, which is made from a bamboo stalk or reed. There are other types of wood and even stone, such as jade. The barrel of the instrument is usually tied with black thread rings – this prevents the body from cracking.
Dizi has six playing holes, four more are used to change the pitch and are not used when playing. A thin film made of reed or reed is glued to one of the holes with a special plant. Once every two weeks, the performers must change the tape, and such scrupulousness is quite justified – the detail gives the dizi melody a unique and inimitable sound. It is the resonance of the film that determines the sonority of playing the Chinese di flute.
Dee most often performs solo, but is also found in folk orchestras.
History of origin
The bamboo flute has a rich history. There are two points of view on its origin. According to the first, the instrument was brought from Central Asia around 150-90 BC. e. And they called it – hengchui or handy. According to another version, the “ancestor” of di was the ritual musical instrument chi, which existed before 150 BC. The design of chi is really similar to dizi and could really affect the appearance of its “descendant”.