Nai is the oldest wind musical instrument, a multi-barreled flute, originating from Moldova and Romania.
The flute consists of several longitudinal tubes (up to 24 pieces) fastened together, or one solid structure with drilled holes. The tubes are arranged from longest to shortest. The upper sections are open, and the lower ones can be closed with special plugs. Nay is configured by moving traffic jams. Older examples include additional whistle devices in place of the upper cut.
A multi-barreled flute is made of bamboo, reed, bone, wood.
Each tube emits one tone, which directly depends on the length and diameter. Additionally, the pitch is adjusted by inserting small objects inside (beads, grains, small stones).
In the XNUMXth century, the nai was considered the most popular instrument among Moldovan and Romanian musicians. Not a single event – a wedding, a fair, was held without his accompaniment.
Modern performers Vasile Iovu and Gheorghe Zamfir did not leave the musical instrument unattended, performing folk dance pieces and lyrical compositions on it.