Born in 1890 in the small Gurian town of Ozurgeti (Georgia) into a poor peasant family. Soon he moved with his parents to Tbilisi, where his father worked as a laborer. The musical abilities of the future composer were revealed very early: as a child he played the guitar well, and in his youth, becoming an excellent guitarist, he won fame in the musical circles of Tbilisi.
Father, despite extreme poverty, identified young Victor in the Commercial School. Upon graduation, Dolidze, having moved to Kyiv, entered the Commercial Institute and at the same time entered the music school (violin class). However, it was not possible to finish it, and the composer was forced to remain the most talented self-taught until the end of his life.
Dolidze wrote his first and best opera, Keto and Kote, in 1918 in Tbilisi, a year after graduating from the Commercial Institute. For the first time, Georgian opera was saturated with caustic satire on representatives of the strata of society that dominated pre-revolutionary Georgia. For the first time on the Georgian opera stage, the simple tunes of a Georgian city street song, popular tunes of everyday romance sounded.
Shown in Tbilisi in December 1919 and a huge success, the first opera by Dolidze still does not leave the stages of many theaters in the country.
Dolidze also owns operas: “Leila” (based on Tsagareli’s play “The Lezgi Girl Guljavar”; Dolidze – author of the libretto; post. 1922, Tbilisi), “Tsisana” (based on the plot of Ertatsmindeli; Dolidze – author of the libretto; post. 1929, ibid.) , “Zamira” (unfinished Ossetian opera, staged in 1930, in excerpts, Tbilisi). Dolidze’s operas are permeated with Nar. humor, in them the composer used Georgian urban musical folklore. Easy-to-remember melodies, clarity of harmony contributed to the wide popularity of Dolidze’s music. He owns the symphony “Azerbaijan” (1932), the symphonic fantasy “Iveriade” (1925), the concerto for piano and orchestra (1932), vocal works (romances); instrumental compositions; processing of Ossetian folk songs and dances in his own recording.
Viktor Isidorovich Dolidze died in 1933.