Tilinka is common in the rural life of the Moldavian, Ukrainian, Romanian people. This is a shepherd’s wind instrument, which gained popularity in the middle of the XNUMXth century.
A semi-transverse flute about 50 centimeters long is made from linden or hollow stems of various plants. The diameter of the tube is not more than 2 centimeters. The flute has no sound holes. For ease of blowing, the upper edge adjacent to the lips is beveled at an angle of 30 degrees.
Sound and playing technique
The performer blows in air, and covers the lower open end of the barrel with his finger. The sound depends on how closed the hole is, so the pipe is capable of producing only 6-8 harmonic sounds. Hold it with your left hand.
The flute makes a piercing, whistling sound, timbre close to the harmonic. The sound with the open and closed ends of the barrel differs by an octave. Used to perform solo melodies, dance and song pieces.
The closest “relative” is the kalyuk used in Russian folklore ensembles. But tilinka sounds more often in rural life, although in the XNUMXth century it began to be actively included in the composition of tarafs along with other Moldavian and Romanian folk instruments.