La fisarmonica is a keyboard-wind musical instrument, consisting of two boxes, connecting bellows and two keyboards: a push-button keyboard for the left hand, a piano-type keyboard for the right hand. An accordion with a push -button type on the right keyboard is called an accordion.
Il vero nome " fisarmonica " (in French “accordeon”) means “hand harmonica”. So called it in 1829 in Vienna master Cyril Demian , when together with his sons Guido and Karl he made an harmonica with accordo accompaniment in his left hand. Since then, all harmonicas that had accordo accompaniment have been called fisarmoniche in many countries . If we count from the date of the name of the instrument, then it is already more than 180 years old, i.e. almost two centuries.
In questo articolo, gli esperti del negozio “Student” ti diranno come fare di scegliere la fisarmonica di cui hai bisogno e non pagare più del dovuto allo stesso tempo. In modo che tu possa esprimerti meglio e comunicare con la musica.
Dimensioni della fisarmonica
Of course, the required size of the instrument should be suggested by the teacher. If there is no one to tell, then one must proceed from a simple rule: when staging a button accordion ( fisarmonica a) on a child’s lap, the instrument should not reach the chin.
1 / 8 - 1 / 4 – for the youngest, i.e. for preschoolers (3–5 years old). Two- or one-voiced, on the right – 10-14 white keys, on the left a very short row of basses, without registri . Such tools are very rare, and they are also in very little demand (it is not often that there are those who want to teach children seriously at this age). More often such specimens are used as a toy.
2 / 4 - Per older preschool children , as well as for young schoolchildren, in general, for “beginners” (5–9 years old). These tools are in great demand, one might say, “indispensable”, but, unfortunately, there are very few of them (a significant drawback). Advantage: lightweight; compact, it has a small gamma of melody and bass, but it is quite sufficient to master the first “basics” of playing the fisarmonica e.
More often two-voiced (there are also 3-voices), on the right there are 16 white keys (si of a small octave – up to the 3rd octave, there are other options), registri can be 3, 5 or completely without registri . In the left hand, there are completely diverse combinazioni – from 32 to 72 bass and accompaniment buttons (there are meccanica with one and two rows of basses; “major”, ” minore “, “seventh chord” must be required, in some there is also a “reduced” row). registri sulla sinistra meccanica di solito sono assenti.
3 / 4 is perhaps the most common fisarmonica size . Even many adults prefer to play it instead of full (4/4), because it is much lighter and quite suitable for playing music of the “simple” repertoire. Fisarmonica 3-voice, 20 white keys on the right, gamma : salt of a small octave – mi of the 3rd octave, 5 registri ; on the left, 80 bass and accompaniment buttons, 3 registri (some with 2 registri and without them), 2 rows of basses and 3 rows of accordi (accompaniment).
7 / 8 – the next step on the way to the “full” accordion , 2 white keys are added in the right keyboard (22 in total), bass 96. Autonomia – F of a small octave – F of the third octave. There are 3 and 4 voices. In 3-voices, there are 5 registri on the right , in 4-voices 11 registri (due to the greater number of voices, the latter are heavier in weight by ≈ 2 kg).
4 / 4 – “full” accordionused by high school students and adults . 24 white keys (there are enlarged models with 26 keys), mostly 4-voice (11-12 registri ), as an exception – 3-voice (5-6 registri ). Some models have a “French filling”, where 3 notes sound almost in unisono , but, having slight differences in tuning, they create a triple beat. As a rule, these tools are not used in vocational schools.
Roland Digital Accordions
In 2010, Roland bought the oldest fisarmonica manufacturer in Italy, Dallape , which has existed since 1876, which allowed it not to develop the meccanico part of the instruments itself, to train masters, but to immediately get their hands on the most tecnologie avanzate per la produzione di fisarmoniche and button accordions, well, in one fell swoop. and digital filling, thanks to their latest developments, they were able to successfully create. So, digital button accordion and Roland digital fisarmonica , let’s consider its main advantages:
- Il digitale accordion is molto più leggero in weight and dimensions are smaller than those of instruments of the same class.
- The instrument’s tuning can be easily raised and lowered come desiderato.
- Il digitale fisarmonica is insensitive to changes in temperatura di non ha bisogno to be tuned, which reduces the cost of their operation.
- The buttons on the right keyboard are easy to rearrange depending on the selected system (Spare – black and white, partially labeled, included).
- There is an output for headphones and external speakers, although the volume of the own sound is quite comparable to normal instruments (it can be reduced with a knob).
- Thanks to the built-in USB port, you can connect to your computer , download and update new Voci , Sounds and Orchestral combinations, record directly, connect MP3s and audio, and probably much more.
- The pedal, which is also a charger, allows you not only to switch registri , but also to perform the function of the right piano pedal (but its use is not necessary).
- You can use the knob on the left cover to change the pressure of the soffietto familiar to you and, like a normal button accordion, change the dynamics of the sound.
- Costruito -in metronome.
Tips from the store “Student” when choosing an accordion
- Prima di tutto , inspect the outside of the musical instrument to rule out the possibility of body defects. The most common types of external defects can be scratches, dents, cracks, holes in the fur, damaged belts, etc. Qualsiasi deformation of the body negatively affects the work of the fisarmonica .
- Next, there is a direct dai un'occhiata of the musical instrument for sound quality. To do this, open and close the fur senza premere any keys. This will eliminate the possibility of air passing through holes that are not visible at first glance. Thus, the rapid release of air indicates the unsuitability of the pelliccia .
- After that, check the quality of pressing all the keys and buttons ( compresa la “ventilator” – a button for releasing air). A quality fisarmonica should not have any sticky or very tight keys. In height, all keys should be at the same level.
- Check direct sound quality by playing chromatic scales . Use your ear to determine the tuning level of a musical instrument. No key or button on both panels should produce a wheeze or creak. All registri should switch easily, and when you press another registro , they should automatically return to their original position.