Duda is a European folk musical instrument. Type – wind. Belongs to the genus of bagpipes.
The exact place where the duda was invented is unknown. Variations appeared almost simultaneously in several Eastern European countries. There are Belarusian, Hungarian, Lithuanian and Polish versions. The bagpipe, a Scottish musical instrument, is considered the progenitor.
The design consists of a bag with attached playing tubes. The bag is made from a single piece of cattle hide sewn in one place. Versions from other countries retain the basic design, but may look different due to the size and number of tubes.
The first image of the Belarusian dudar dates back to the XNUMXth century. Textual evidence goes back to the XNUMXth century. Until the XNUMXth century, the instrument was popular on the territory of modern Belarus, Poland and the Baltic countries. In the XNUMXst century, the trends of the return of the Dudar movement began. Groups playing in the genres of folk and folk-rock use the Belarusian bagpipe in their performances.
An alternative name for the Hungarian duda is Magyar. A distinctive feature is the double sound. The body is made up of tubes. The melody tube produces a sound in the octave range. The counter-tube sounds lower, has a sound hole for one finger.